One of the really great things about deforestation is that the covers are being ripped off the earth and we are discovering things we should have always known, such as the very interesting finds discovered along the Amazon River. The same types of earth works, largely in the form of ditches now, have been discovered all along the Amazon River dating back to at least 6000 years BC, well before any previous thoughts about human civilization have been applied to the area. Generally, it is accepted that the Incan people rose out of somewhere, had an empire, and were conquered by the Spanish essentially and that all human history flowed out of those events. However, that simply was not the case. We are discovering, all over the world the same type of earth works that were essentially part of the culture at Stonehenge, which means that these cultures were interacting with one another somehow. It is highly unlikely that there was a natural predilection for all human beings to be driven toward the same compulsion to build the same kind of structures just a few thousand years out of the last Ice Age.
On my phone I have a picture for my background of the crystal skull from the British Museum. I get questioned about it all the time because at first glance it looks like I have a strange fascination with skulls, but that’s certainly not the case. That crystal skull at the British Museum is an item of fascination for me. It was one of the reasons that I traveled to that museum, just to see that small exhibit. It for me is one of those obscurities that doesn’t fit the assumptions made by institutional archaeology. In my hometown museum in at the Cincinnati Museum Center they have a display of what they call The Cincinnati Tablet which was found in a very large burial mound under what is now Fountain Square. Like the crystal skull, the tablet is far more advanced than what we assume nomadic cultures that were associated with Indian societies could have, or would have produced. I had a pretty good discussion with a member of management at the British Museum where they became pretty frustrated with me for even asking the question. They insisted that the skull was a fake because the methods for cutting the artifact out of a block of quartz wouldn’t be invented by Spain until the very recent past. So, there is no way it was buried for thousands of years in Central America. Of course, I think that guy is wrong and the general assumptions of the British Museum are inaccurate. History likely has followed more of a Vico Cycle than a liner evolution.
Within days of my visit to the British Museum I was at Stonehenge and at Old Sarum—even at the castle at Dover and I continued to be amazed at the earthworks which were in some cases being exhibited as works of the Normans and Romans who came before them. But obviously many of these vast structures of earth moving were already in place before the Romans arrived. Even in Canterbury the archaeology that had been conducted there before the heavily Catholic influence of the cathedrals arrived, ancient earthworks were a large part of the motivations of that very old city. My experiences in England put a whole new light on the earthworks of my home region of Ohio where the mound builders had been thought to have been derived from some Indian culture, but that clearly wasn’t the case. Institutionalized archaeologists may have wanted that to be the situation, but the evidence against those assumptions is just too obvious. We are learning that very large people were associated with the Ohio earthworks and that they likely came from the part of the world, and culture that built Stonehenge and Avebury. The tendency toward ritual landscapes and moving large amounts of earth for rather complex mathematical motivations are abundant in North America as they are in England.
One thing that England has going on in a very positive way is that they have vastly deregulated the field of archaeology. What they are doing with the English Heritage group is vastly unlocking their own past and letting the arrows of history point to regions all over the world coming from that very old part of the human continental development history. We are talking about a period of time when humans were building massive monuments in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Indus Valley. And it’s entirely possible that under the Persian Gulf,
Mediterranean Sea and the English Channel are the remains of vast civilizations long gone because they built their villages and cities right after the Ice Age where sea levels were many hundreds of feet lower completely changing the coastlines of ancient people. By the work these ancient people left behind they obviously knew the earth was round and they had no problem daring the oceans to travel to far away lands. They obviously new about North America, and now it is evident that they were communicating with South America and some people were even building empires of their own along the Amazon River well before any previous generation of scientists thought that people could rub sticks together to make a fire. I don’t think we are looking at a bunch of independent nomads doing the same thing by coincidence, but a complex global culture that was interacting and trading with one another well before any previous assumptions.
When it is asked why I write all these articles without being employed by some university or museum, the answer is that it is because of the age we currently live in. In politics things are being decentralized, the same is happening with information. My hope in writing these articles is to inspire more people in this time of “Wikileaks” where institutional control over scientific assumptions yield to wide-eyed wonder and we can really get to the bottom of our own history by examining the information wherever it takes us. With the advent of blogs, personal cell phones, and the internet in general the people who are most passionate about science don’t have to ride the rules and regulations of scientific institutions to make their own discovers. All they really have to do is look at the ground and report what they see instead of looking toward National Geographic to tell them what they see. And under that type of thinking we are now discovering that the Amazon River was producing cultures just as sophisticated as the earthwork builders of Stonehenge and the monuments of Egypt. They have just been covered for thousands of years by vegetation overgrowth of an unmanaged rain forest. The institutional gate keepers of course want to keep these things hidden by blaming deforestation on capitalism to keep smart minds from even asking the question as to why all those earthworks are even there in the Amazon. The institutionalists would rather not know, they’d rather keep us all looking to them for the answer as to why crystal skulls were made well before Spain invented a technique for making them, or there was trade between the continents before Europeans could build a boat to cross the Mediterranean, let alone the Atlantic or Pacific Oceans. Institutions want history to begin when they were formed and they hope to conceal any history before them like some second husband tries to pretend that his wife didn’t have lovers before he was even a consideration.
We are in the age of the Wiki–Wikileaks, Wikipedia, Wikiweapons—“Wiki” everything—we are in the age of open information exchanges that bypass the traditions of institutions and that is resulting in an explosion of archaeological understanding. And in that process, we are reexamining everything about our past, which is good. Its better to know than to not. Political assumptions in support of institutional control wants to dictate that the “Native Americans” were a nice docile group of communists living in peace with the earth until those mean Europeans arrived and wrecked their Utopia. But that’s not true, none of it was. Instead, people came and built cities from all over the world in places as remote as the Amazon River Valley and they were quite intelligent. Global trade is not a recent thing, but likely goes back to the last Ice Age—maybe before. And we are just now starting to see what has always been there, only we didn’t see it because we allowed institutions to define for us the world we lived in. For me, if you really want to understand science, the answers are in the Wiki movement. Not from the institutions of our traditions, but in the open asking of questions and the answers whatever they may be. And one of the most shocking of those answers is that there were an advanced people in South American thousands of years before we had previously thought, and that is a very exciting discovery.
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